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Background

A container for other blocks with fully editable background options.

Usage

The background block allows you to nest other components inside of it, and provide a selectable background color, image and overlay, video, or pattern to underlay your content. Any other block can be placed inside of a background, including other background blocks.

We suggest putting most of your content on design-heavy pages inside of a background to break it up into easily editable groups. This makes sliding around content easier and gives you options to display your content in unique and interesting ways. Setting your content in a background makes it easy to break up sections of your page visually to establish flow and hierarchy.

Background blocks can also be set as slides in the Slider block.

Settings

Block Width

Blocks can be set to one of three widths in the editor: Default, Wide, or Full. Blocks will interact with adjacent blocks differently depending on their width.

Adjusting Block Width

The block width setting is found in your block context bar, which will show up above the current block that you have selected. A block that supports the block widths will show its current width icon in the context bar, and clicking it will allow you to change the width.

If you have the Top Toolbar setting selected, the block context bar will always show at the top of your page, not at the top of your block.

Default Width

The default width of your content is determined by the value set in your Customizer. You can find this setting under Styles » Widths » Content Width. This is the default width of most text-based content and most blog pages. We recommend keeping this set so that your content retains maximum readability, which most studies agree is around 50-60 characters per line.

Wide Width

Wide width content will take up 75% of the available width on the page or the default content width set on your site—whichever is larger. In effect, this makes content take up more of the available screen real estate. When used in conjunction with other wide width blocks, you can shape your webpages in many different ways.

Full Width

Full width content will always take up 100% of the available width on the page. When placed next to default or wide with content, margin will be applied to the full width block to give it some room to breath. When two full width blocks are placed next to each other, however, they will suction together and form a cohesive unit with no margin in between them.

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Padding

The padding control changes the amount of space that’s given to the content contained within the block, adjusting how much the content is allowed to breathe within its container.

The padding control normal comes in predetermined step sizes, anywhere from None to XXL. The reason we use these predetermined step sizes is so your page can adapt intelligently depending upon which screen size your user is viewing your website on. For example, a LG padding setting will be smaller on mobile than it is on desktop.

There are occasions that this padding setting will appear as a range slider that allows your to choose a precise number for this setting. In these circumstances, your website will display the precise size you choose in this setting regardless of screen size.

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Reverse Print

Toggling reverse print will flip the colors from your standard palette to white, which increases contrast and readability when text is placed on dark backgrounds.

You’ll find the reverse print toggle in the block sidebar. Enabling reverse print will affect the block its enabled on as well as everything inside of it. If the block contains Inner Blocks, reverse print will cascade to all descendants.

We recommend using reverse print whenever a block has a dark background and using white text would increase its contrast. While you can set text color on core blocks like Headings and Paragraphs, we strongly recommend using the block-level reverse print instead. This way, you’ll be able to quickly toggle all the content if you change the background color in the future. All Inner Blocks will respect the reverse print setting, even those without color settings themselves.

To read more about contrast requirements on the web, visit here.

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Background Styles

The style setting in the block sidebar allows you to select the type of the background you’d like this block to be.

Background Color

Choose any color from your palette to create a background.

Background Image

Use a photo from your media library or upload a new one to use as a background.

Two Tone Background

Combine two colors at any angle to form a layered background effect.

Gradient Background

A smooth transition between two colors from your palette.

Background Pattern

Use a repeatable pattern as a background.

Choosing a Background Color

You can choose a color from the block sidebar that will fill your block with a background color. The color options presented here will be colors from your site’s color palette, which you can edit in the Customizer. When using a dark background color, be sure to toggle the Reverse Print option to make sure your text remains legible.

Choose a Background Image

You can choose a background image in the block sidebar by clicking on the ‘Choose Photo’ button. You’ll be prompted to select a photo from your media library or upload a new one.

Once you’ve selected a photo to use as your background, new options will take the place of the one you used to select the photo. The first is a simple button to remove the image that you’ve selected, allowing you to start this over.

The second is the Focal Point selector. This tool allows you to select the most important point of your photo that your website will try to always keep visible. Because of the responsive nature of the web, images used as a background must stretch and cover the area when viewed on different device sizes, but this focal point allows to us to keep what’s important in frame.

Set an Overlay

Whether you need to darken or tint an image to maintain the legibility of text on top of it or as a stylistic choice, there are many situations where you’ll want to add an overlay to your background image. The overlay tool in your block sidebar lets you choose a color from your palette (with the addition of pure black or pure white). The overlay opacity slider will determines how much overlay to apply to the background image, with 100% being solid color.

Select X as the overlay color to disable the overlay completely, or set its opacity to 0%.

Background Attachment

Some blocks allow you to set the background attachment. A background with Fixed attachment will remain anchored to the browser window as the user scrolls, creating a parallax effect.

Choosing the Colors

Two tone backgrounds consist of two colors which you can choose from the block sidebar. The color options presented here will be colors from your site’s color palette, which you can edit in the Customizer. The end color has an additional X option for no color. This is useful for nested backgrounds, where you’d like the parent background to bleed through.

Make sure to toggle the Reverse Print switch if you are using dark background colors.

Two Tone Settings

The Direction controls the angle of the two tone background, while the Stop controls the point at which the color transitions starts. When the Stop control is at 0%, only the Start color will be shown and vice versa: at 100%, only the end color is shown.

These two settings are further illustrated below.

The Direction control.

The Stop control.

Mobile Settings

Flip the Enable Mobile Settings switch to bring up a separate set of Direction and Stop controls for mobile devices. This is especially important when use one light and one dark color underneath text to ensure that the text remains visible on all screen sizes.

Because this setting only appears on mobile devices and its most common to be editing pages on a desktop browser, you may have to do some guessing and checking to make sure this is set how you’d like.

Choosing the Colors

Gradient backgrounds consist of two colors which you can choose from the block sidebar. The color options presented here will be colors from your site’s color palette, which you can edit in the Customizer. The end color has an additional X option for no color. This is useful for nested backgrounds, where you’d like the parent background to bleed through.

Make sure to toggle the Reverse Print switch if you are using dark background colors.

Gradient Direction

Controls the direction you’d like the gradient to go, from Start color to End Color. For example, with the lower right arrow selected, the End color will be predominantly in the lower right corner of the background.

Background Attachment

Some blocks allow you to set the background attachment. A background with Fixed attachment will remain anchored to the browser window as the user scrolls, creating a parallax effect.

In this way, nested backgrounds with one layer being a fixed background can yield interested results. Try it out!

Choose a Background Pattern

You can choose a background pattern in the block sidebar by clicking on the ‘Choose Pattern’ button. You’ll be prompted to select an from your media library or upload a new one. This can be any image, but we recommend SVG (or PNG if SVG isn’t available) and we suggest using a pattern that repeats seamlessly.

Select a Background Size

The Background Size range field will scale the background pattern. Choose a size that looks good on both desktop and mobile.

The Background Size control in action. Be sure to select one that not only looks good, but also doesn’t get in the way of your content.

Set an Overlay

The overlay tool in your block sidebar lets you choose a color from your palette (with the addition of pure black or pure white). The overlay opacity slider will determines how much overlay to apply to the background image, with 100% being solid color. With most patterns, you’ll be able to completely tint your pattern with an overlay color, so if you upload one pattern SVG file in black or white you’ll be able to use it in any of your site’s palette colors simply by using the overlay tool.

Select X as the overlay color to disable the overlay completely, or set its opacity to 0%.

Background Attachment

A background with Fixed attachment will remain anchored to the browser window as the user scrolls, creating a parallax effect.

Transitions

Apply a transition to create visual interactions between your blocks.

Apply a Transition

To enable a transition for your block, hit the toggle switch. There are options for both Top and Bottom transitions, which will appear in the specified position. Enabling block transitions will also bring up tools to control the transition, and both the top and bottom transition will have its own set of the following controls.

Offset Transition Option

The Offset Transition Height toggle is a very important tool that determines whether the transition takes up space in the document flow or if the transition is allowed to bleed into other blocks. This interactions is illustrated in the examples below.

Offset Transition Height Enabled

Offset Transition Height Disabled

Select a Shape

You can change the shape of your transition by selecting one of the preset shapes from the Shape tool. You’ll be able to preview the shape. Each shape interacts differently with the Size tool.

Set the Size

The Transition Size controls the height of the transition element. Ths number is in the vh unit, which stands for viewport height. In other words, a transition that is set to 10vh will take up 10% of the total viewport size and will scale with the device its displayed on, whether on desktop or on mobile.

Transition Colors

You can choose the color of both the top and bottom transition. The color options presented here will be colors from your site’s color palette, which you can edit in the Customizer.

In general, you want to set this to the color of the adjacent block so that your transition is seamless. For example, if you are setting a top transition and the block that comes before has a gray background, you’ll want to set the transition to gray. With a bottom transition, you should try to mimic the block that comes after this one.

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Background